Churches of Rome Wiki

A mosaic is a decoration made with small pieces of glass, stone or other material. Mosaics range from very simple decoration to highly complex works of art.

In the 4th century, some of the first Christian works of art were made as mosaics in churches. They are very durable; as long as the building stands they can last for many centuries without fading, while a painting will fade or erode.

Mosaics in Rome[]

The following is a list, in chronological order, of some of the more important mosaics in Roman churches[1]

Church Where Motif Date
Santa Constanza Ambulatory, tambour, dome Ornamental plants c. 340360
Santa Constanza Two apsidal niches Roman period, reworked later
Santa Pudenziana Apse 402417
Santa Sabina Western wall of nave 422440
Lateran Baptistery Atrium 432440
Lateran Baptistery Chapel of St John the Evangelist Late 6th century
Santa Maria Maggiore Panel in nave 432440
Santa Maria Maggiore Triumphal arch 432440
San Paolo fuori le Mura Triumphal arch 440461, reworked, restored after 1823
San Pietro in Vaticano Façade 440461, reworked later
Sant'Agata dei Goti Apse 462470
Sant'Andrea in Catabarbara Apse 468483
Santi Cosma e Damiano Apse 526530, reworked later
Santi Cosma e Damiano Triumphal arch 687679
San Teodoro Apse 2nd half of 6th century
San Lorenzo fuori le Mura Triumphal arch Our Saviour between Sts Peter, Paul, Lawrence and Stephen 579590, reworked later
Sant'Agnese fuori le Mura Apse 625638, reworked later
Santo Stefano Rotondo Domed niche Sts Primo and Feleciano 642649
San Venanzio Apse and apse wall Our Saviour and saints 642648
San Pietro in Vincoli Icon of St Sebastian 678681
Santi Nereo e Achilleo Triumphal arch and apse 795816
Santa Prassede 817824
Santa Cecilia 817824
Santa Maria in Domnica 817824
San Clemente Apse and triumphal arch c. 1128
Santa Maria in Trastevere Apse and triumphal arch c. 1148, later restored
Santa Francesca Romana 12th or 13th century